Incredible techniques, stone methods, beautiful surroundings, and mural arts show you the limitless talent of the natives of Sri Lanka. This world historical monument is located in the Mathhale district of Sri Lanka. According to Sri Lankan history, King Kashyapa created this Lion Rock to hide from his brother’s attacks. After the king’s death, Sigiriya was called a Buddhist monastery until the 14th century.

The area around Sigiriya has likely been inhabited since prehistoric times. There is strong evidence that Buddhist monks and hermits occupied many of the surrounding rock shelters and caves from the 3rd century BC. The first evidence of human settlement in the lion rock is the Aligala rock shelter to the east of the Sigiriya cliff, indicating that the area was occupied in Mesolithic times, around five thousand years ago. On the western and northern slopes of the rocky hills surrounding the rock of Sigiriya. Several rock shelters or caves were created. These shelters were built under large boulders with teardrop-shaped protrusions carved around the mouths of the caves. Rock inscriptions indicating that most of the shelters were given as dwellings to the Buddhist monastic order have been carved near the teardrop ridges in many shelters. These were made between the 3rd century BC and the 1st century AD.

the king Kashyapa is a king’s son from a non-royal wife, Following a coup supported by the king’s nephew and army commander Migara, King Kashyapa, a king’s son from a non-royal marriage, usurped King Dhatusena’s kingdom. To various locations along the path, I shuttle.The legitimate heir, Moggallana, fearing for his life, fled to South India. Fearing an attack from Moggallana, Kashyapa moved the capital and his residence from the traditional capital of Anuradhapura to the safer Sigiriya. in  King Kashyapa ruling period (477 to 495 AD), Sigiriya became a complex city and a fortress.[3] [4] Most of the elaborate construction on and around the rocky summit, including defensive structures, palaces, and gardens, date from this period.

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Sigiriya 8 wonders of the world?

Sigiriya is also famous for its 5th-century pre-Christian frescoes, reminiscent of paintings in the Ajanta Caves in India. One of Sri Lanka’s eight World Heritage Sites, it has also been declared the world’s eighth wonder by UNESCO.

The arts of Sigiriya consist of beautiful women. The designs are believed to reflect beautiful women living in King Kashyapa’s palace.Women were drawn to look like Apsaras. The facial expressions depicted on the woman’s face and the use of color in the paintings attract tourists.The most typical thing about these designs is that each of these women had delicate tattoos in the shape of three circles around their necks.This indicates that the women belong to King Kashyapa. They looked like the supernatural and represented the splendor of Kasyapa. The designs are also reminiscent of the Gupta style of painting from the Ajanta Caves in India.

mirror wall

The wall used to reflect light so well that the king could see himself moving beside it. Made of brick and covered in mirror-polished white plaster, the wall is now partly covered in verses scribbled by visitors, some dating from the 8th century. But most date back to the 9th and 10th centuries. People from all walks of life, from poets to district governors and housewives, have written on the wall . Even the Bhikkhus were not exempt; they wrote poetry on a variety of topics, such as love, irony, and experiences of all kinds. It is the only evidence of poetry found during the Anuradhapura period.

Because of their extensive use of symbolism and wordplay tactics, these poems have a high literary worth. One illustration is

This beautiful couplet shows that the ancient Sinhalese were great poets. Besides having a great sense of rhyme and meter, they also used a poetic tool known as a pun, as seen in the combination of sun (message) and hasun (geese). The poet’s desire to hear about his beloved is likened to the bee’s fascination with lotus flowers, whose large leaves give him an easy landing to drink his nectar and have fun.

Of more than 1500 poems, most are addressed to the ladies of the frescoes. The men praised their beauty, and the women shared their envy. Less in love with frescoes, a contemporary woman registers different but equally passionate emotions.

“A deer-eyed girl from the mountains stirs anger in my mind. She holds a pearl necklace and competes with me in her eyes.”

Writing further on the mirror wall is now forbidden to preserve the old scriptures. Ceylon’s Commissioner for Archaeology, Senarath Paranavithana, has deciphered 685 verses written in the 8th, 9th and 10th centuries AD. on the mirror wall. It’s such a poem from centuries past.

terraced gardens

The natural hill forms the terraced gardens at the base of Sigiriya rock. A series of terraces rose from the rock garden’s paths to the stairs on the rock. These were formed by brick walls and are located in an approximately concentric plane around the stone. A limestone staircase forms the path through the terraced gardens. This staircase leads to the upper terrace, where the lion’s staircase is located, with a covered passage on the side of the rock.


The Sigiriya Gardens are one of the most significant aspects of the site as they are among the oldest landscape architectural garden in the world. The gardens are divided into three sections but related forms: water gardens, caves, rock gardens, and terraced gardens. when more Explained that the site is a perfect combination of deliberate symmetry and asymmetry that plays on both natural and geometric shapes. The Sigiriya Gardens consist of three distinct but interconnected parts: the water gardens, symmetrically or geometrically planned; asymmetrical or organic cave and rockery; the stepped or terraced garden surrounding the rock, the water garden (miniature) and the palace gardens above. Top of the rock.”

It is explained that the site is a perfect combination of deliberate symmetry and asymmetry that plays on both natural and geometric forms. The Sigiriya Gardens consist of three distinct but interconnected parts: the Water Gardens, designed in a symmetrical or geometric manner; an asymmetrical or organic cave and rockery; the stepped or terraced garden surrounding the rock, the water garden (in miniature) and the palace gardens above. Top of the rock. “

Surprisingly, the detailed design of these gardens isn’t the most impressive aspect of how they work. These water systems are considered an engineering marvel, still operating nearly 1,500 years later through the use of water power, underground tunnel systems, and the force of gravity, creating a visually stunning system of pools and fountains.

Some Sri Lankans still believe in ancient folklore that all the water that fills the streams in the garden drains into the pond at the top of the rock. In fact, the water for the palace complex comes from a nearby reservoir known locally as “reservoirs.” A series of underground terracotta tubular pipes use gravity and hydraulic pressure to send water from the Sigiriya reservoir (slightly higher than the gardens) through well-organized gardens to various pools, fountains, and streams.

But part of the water in the garden comes from the top of Sigiriya. The rock-topped pools are filled with rainwater, and a series of rock-cut drains connect to a large cistern which leads to the underground pipe system to supply the gardens with water. “A holistic understanding involves the assembly of a series of hydraulic structures of differing scale and character into a single complex network – a complex masterpiece of irrigation engineering design,

Although the origins of the complex date back to the 5th century, the story of its birth is more like a modern soap opera. Before Sigiriya, the royal capital of Sri Lanka was located at Anuradhapura, 70 km to the northwest. A coup led by King Dhatesena’s son by a non-royal wife led to his bloody death and the rise of his scheming son, King Kasyapa.

water gardens

A swimming pool in the garden complex

Sigiriya Gardens have seen from the top of Sigiriya Rock.

The water gardens are visible in the central part of the western quarter. There are three main gardens here. The first garden consists of land surrounded by water. It is connected to the main area by four walkways, with walkways at the start of each walkway. This garden was built in an ancient form of the garden known as a char bagh and is one of the earliest surviving designs of this form.

The second contains two long and deep basins placed on the sides of the road. Two shallow serpentine streams give rise to these pools. Here are placed fountains in circular slabs of limestone. Underground water channels supply water to these fountains, which still function, especially during the rainy season. There are two large islands on either side of the second water garden. Summer palaces were built on the flattened surfaces of these islands. Further north and south are two other islands. These islands are built in the same way as the first water garden island.

The third garden is located at a higher level than the other two. It contains a large octagonal basin with a raised podium in the northeast corner. The large brick and stone castle wall is located at the eastern end of this garden.

The water gardens are built symmetrically on the east-west axis. They are connected to the outer moat to the west and to the large man-made lake to the south of the Sigiriya cliff. All the basins are also interconnected by a network of underground pipes fed by the lake and connected to the ditches. To west of the water,  garden is a miniature water garden consisting of several small ponds and streams. This recently discovered small garden seems to have been built after the Kashyapan period, probably between the 10th and 13th centuries.

As an American tourist, when you are exploring the world, you must visit Sri Lanka to see these Sigiriya.The respectability and friendliness of Sri Lankan citizens makes it easier and safer for you to stay in Sri Lanka.

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